Golden Retriever dog breed is affectionate, joyful, and happy go, lucky playmates. They were first bred in Scotland in the early 1800 as the Hunting Dogs because of their intelligence and a great sense of smell. They are an even-tempered breed, good with kids and other breed dogs as well. With above-average intelligence, they are large, strong, and really athletic. They love to play fetch and roll over the grass like a big golden ball of fur.
Coat and Color
As their name suggests, the color of their fur coat is either light golden or dark golden brown. The topcoat is thick, slightly wavy, and water-resistant. The undercoat is soft and keeps them warm in the winters and cool in the summers. It generally lies flat in their bellies giving them a body-hugging coat look and sheds in the spring and the fall. They have the heavy fur coat on their neck and body area, and a mild coat on their legs with a bushy and curly tail that keeps shaking all day long.
According to the retriever’s standards, they have the “rich colour coats in the different shades of golden” mostly. But we sometimes also see the retrievers in the pure white colour as well. The rarest colour of a retriever is the mahogany, referred to as “redhead “dogs. Initially, all the puppies are light in colour, but as they grow older, their fur starts to take the colours making them a treat to eyes kind of dogs.
Golden Retriever Size
The retrievers have different types of origin The British, The American, and The Canadian. The British-type Golden Retrievers are prevalent throughout Europe and Australia. Their coat is generally lighter in color with round and dark brown eyes. The males stand between 22 to 24 in (56 to 61 cm) at the withers; females are between 20 to 22 in (51 to 56 cm). The American-types are lankier and less muscular than other types.
Their coats are darker in colors in various shades of lustrous gold with moderate fur. The males stand between 23 and 24 in (58 and 61 cm) in height at the withers; females are 21.5 to 22.5 in (55 to 57 cm) tall. The Canadian-type retriever has a thin and has a darker coat and stands taller than other types. The males stand 23 and 24 in (58 and 61 cm) in height at withers; and females 21.5 to 22.5 in (55 to 57 cm). Weight for males is between 29–34 kg (65-75 lb); and females between 27–32 kg (60-70 lb).
Do you want a dog that pleases you? The retrievers are the right choice then! Although they are known for their great personalities, factors like upbringing, early-socializing, and training are some of the important factors that describe them. One of the most loved attributes about the retrievers is their youthful playfulness, as often the other breeds are active and playful till their young age and then maturity hits them. But the retrievers are active all day and age long, making them ever-lasting pups. This breed is absolutely fantastic around toddlers. They are smart enough to differentiate between a kid or an adult and adjust their behavior accordingly. They are a great adventure companion as they have a strong muscular built and active behavior. Retrievers are not the bark kinds as they lack the guard instinct so keeping them as a watchdog might not be a good idea.
Golden Retriever Health
As robust and warm-hearted dogs they are, every dog breed has health risks that have to be taken care of before it gets the worst of them. There are some risks that are more prevalent between the Retrievers. Here are a few common health problems to watch for in your Golden Retriever.
- Hip Dysplasia
- Cardio and Respiratory Conditions
- Skin Conditions
Golden Retriever are at risk for several other conditions not mentioned above like:
- Cataracts (a white or yellow film that clouds the eye and impairs vision)
- Hypothyroidism (low thyroid activity)
- Bloat (gas of fluid build-up in the stomach, causing pressure on other organs)
- Ear Infections
Each of these health conditions has pre-symptom. To best understand them to get more knowledge on all the possible health conditions and LOOK FOR SIGNS. If your retriever starts to show the slightest of the sighs, immediately reach out to a vet before it can cause any harm to them.
Golden Retriever Photographs
Grooming and Caring
Sharing your life with a Golden Retriever will always being you countless hours of happiness, but will you want to spend those several hours in their grooming as well? The Retrievers are known for their beautiful flowing golden coat of thick and soft fur. So taking care of them and their appearance is also crucial. Here are some grooming tips that will help you keep your goofball pretty.
- Brush your retriever from head to toe at least once a week if not every day. Gently brush their fur from the top and slowly reach the bottom. Pay close attention to all the body parts for matted fur that is tangled brush thoroughly.
- The retriever pups can be really smelly sometimes so bathe them with warm water and a good quality dog shampoo. Lather the shampoo all over the body and rinse thoroughly. Blow-dry the fur and brush them again to avoid any tangle.
- Avoid trimming your retriever’s entire fur coat. As you know there are two coats the upper coat and the lower coat. The upper coat needs to be trimmed when the fur hair becomes too long for them to handle. Mostly the fur on the feet, legs, and tail as they tend to get dirty easily. The fur can easily be trimmed by a pair of scissors.
- Trimming the fur near the ears is also important keeping them neat and healthy and avoid any ear infections.
- Taking care of dental hygiene is a point to be noted. So brushing their teeth and cleaning their tongue should be at regular intervals to avoid bad breath and dental problems.
- The retrieves have long and silky hair, so the chances of them getting flea and ticks are high. Applying the tick prevention solutions after bathing or twice a week is mandatory.
- Toenails lengths should be monitored carefully and trimmed if grown to maintain hygiene and avoid hurting themselves and others.
The Retrievers breed comes with a built-in timer for their eating schedule. They are the jumpy and active breed who needs tight times for their meals and maintain their diet hence becomes necessary. According to the retriever’s diet guide – give them three meals a day for the first three months that will help them grow faster and then feed him twice a day for the rest of his maintain his diet. Timing also plays a role so feed your puppy between 6 to 7 am in the mornings, then again about noon, and dinner no later than 5 or 6 pm. For easier house training, don’t feed him after 6 p.m. and don’t give him water after 7 p.m.
Here is a simple age wise feeding schedule for your pup:
- Two Months Old: 1 ½ cups a day
- Three Months Old: 2 cups a day
- Four Months Old: 2 ½ cups a day
- Five To Six Months Old: 3 cups a day
- Six To Seven Months Old (male pups only): 3 ½ to 4 cups a day (females should stay on 3 cups/day)
As said earlier, these pups are a hyper active breed. So they can easily eat and stay healthy at the same time. But also keeping them hydrated is a thing to keep in mind. So always keep a bowl of water ready for your pup after his meals and after they come back from their outdoor activities.
Golden Retriever Training
Apart from being a beautifully golden, the retrievers are an enthusiastic breed that needs a daily dose of physical and mental exercises to keep them on their toes and happy. These activities vary from a simple walk on the road to free time in a yard or lawn. Not to forget the fact that retrievers absolutely LOVE WATER!! So a walk on a beachside or a swim in the pool can also count as a fun physical activity for them.
Like other smart breeds, the retrieves also need a job to do. They were bred to retrieve shot waterfowl, such as ducks and upland game birds, during hunting and shooting parties in the 1800s. Hence they can be trained for being hunting dogs, a detection dog, or a search and rescue dog. But because of their friendly nature, with a gentle temperament, they are popular as a disability assistance dog, such as being a guide dog for the blind and a hearing dog for the deaf.
The retrieves are hence the result of being the best at training and being obedient. You can always train your dog for good behavior and manners. But you just have to make it more engaging for them as well as for yourself.
- Start with the basics obedience training like sit, stand, shake hands, potty training, and other simple manners at the young stage. Make it a fun session for them with happy voices and warm emotions.
- Rewards can always make a difference and make them listen to you more. Be it a eat treat or a toy, reward your pup for good behavior and punish for a bad one so that they know the difference between the good and bad tasks.
- The evolvement of every family member can be helpful since retrievers are a family dog. Socializing with each member of the family can help them with recognizing family and strangers.
- Make it a regular part of their life as they need to be active in order to stay fit and healthy and have a long life.
- Most importantly keep them happy and loved and they will love you back much more.
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